A state senator is elected from a district that is defined by the state. They represent the will of their district’s constituency in state legislative matters. State senators often receive letters, phone calls and emails from constituents who need assistance with a state agency or who wish to voice opinions on current or existing legislation.

running for state senate officeState senators communicate with constituents and often meet with district residents to identify the citizen concerns and to discuss state issues. State senators also work with county and city officials to represent their needs and concerns and to ensure that projects work as planned.

Every state except Nebraska has a bicameral legislature, where the legislature consists of two separate legislative chambers or houses. The smaller chamber is called the Senate, and this is where state senators serve.

In Nebraska, state senators are responsible for drafting, passing and presenting bills to the governor for passage into law. In all other states, senators receive a bill from the state’s House, and they pass or defeat bills that are signed into law by the state’s governor.

State senate districts are created by state census data. Each state creates state senate districts according to its own rules.

The length of terms for state senate representatives differ from state to state, and can range anywhere from two years to four years. Many states also have term limits. These limits keep politicians from staying in office for too long and ensure fresh blood in the legislature.

Becoming a State Senator Candidate

Each state has its own qualifications to run for state senate. Details of these qualifications can be found in the state’s constitution under the Legislative articles. Local party offices can also provide additional support and election information.

  • Age Requirements: Generally, the age requirements range from 21 to 25 years old.
  • Citizenship and Residency: All states require a candidate for state representative to be a citizen of the United States. However, a candidate is not required to have been born in the United States. In addition, a candidate must actually live in that state for a length of time prior to running for representative. New York, for example, has a five-year residence requirement. Montana has just a one-year residence requirement.
  • Ineligibility for Other Offices: All states restrict candidates for state senate from working in any other position of public office, including federal-level offices. Some states allow for state legislature members to continue  military enlistment.

All states require candidates to register with the state, indicating their intention to run for office. Besides filing registration paperwork, petitions and filing fees are also required in order to become a candidate for state legislator.

Petition Requirements

Some states require potential candidates to file petitions when they file their candidate qualification paperwork. This means that the person must collect certain numbers of signatures in order to be eligible. The specific rules of these petition requirements vary from state to state.

Filing Fees

Depending on which state you live in, you may be required to pay a set fee when filing your qualifications paperwork. This is called a qualification fee or an election qualification fee.

Primary and General Elections: The winner of the primary election is chosen to represent the party in the general election. The general election is where all voters participate decide the final winner.

Related: Primary vs General Elections

State Senate Website Design Examples From Online Candidate

See our state senate website design gallery.